Time: Wed Dec 17 16:34:01 1997
From: Paul Andrew Mitchell [address in tool bar]
Subject: SLS: More on Anthrax Inoculation for entire U.S. military
Bcc: <usafeat@alpha.ultraweb.net>

[This text is formatted in Courier 11, non-proportional spacing.]


                  All U.S. Military to Receive
                Experimental Biowarfare Vaccines
             in Repeat of Gulf War Syndrome Scenario

In a  stunning announcement  which shocked  tens of  thousands of
Gulf War  veterans with  Gulf War  Syndrome,  the  US  government
announced on  December 16, 1997 that all US military members will
be forced  to submit  to experimental  biowarfare vaccines again,
leaving questions  in the  minds of  active and inactive military
members whether  the mysterious  mycoplasma believed  to be a co-
factor in  Gulf War  Syndrome, created in a lab in Dallas, Texas,
is also  present in  the upcoming  vaccine series.  Many  of  the
original biowarfare  weapons to  which  Gulf  War  veterans  were
exposed were  shipped to  Iraq by American Type Culture and other
United States biotech firms. It is believed that this is the main
reason why  the Department  of Defense  slants all communications
about GFS towards chemical weapons, preferring not to discuss the
biological aspect  of  GFS  as  pointed  out  by  many  competent
scientists. Many  consider the  new vaccine  series, called "junk
science" by  many scientists, another attempt to destroy both the
US military  and impact  the US  population with  a  communicable
carcinogenic neurotoxic disease. The December 16 news story is as

WASHINGTON --  Increasingly fearful  of the threats posed by germ
warfare, the  Pentagon announced  Monday it would vaccinate every
member of  the armed  services against  anthrax, one  of the most
deadly biological agents ever known.

While the Pentagon has vaccinated soldiers against biological and
chemical agents  before,  including  many  thousands  during  the
Persian Gulf  War, it  never has  tried to  inoculate the  entire
force --  now 1.4  million troops  on active  duty and  another 1
million reservists  -- to  counter  a  potential  threat  from  a
biological or chemical weapon.

There is no evidence that any country ever has used anthrax -- or
significant amounts  of any  biological weapon -- during warfare.
But in recent years, the Pentagon has raised new alarms about the
threats posed  by biological  and chemical  weapons, warning that
its forces  are ill-prepared to combat attacks by an enemy nation
or terrorist group.

In a  report last  month, the Pentagon said at least 10 countries
-- including  Iraq and  North Korea  -- now  have the  ability to
develop biological  weapons. Military  officials say they suspect
Iraq has  significant quantities of anthrax that could be used in
germ warfare.

Recent efforts  by U.N.  inspectors to  locate Iraq's  weapons of
mass destruction  have led to renewed tensions between the United
States and the Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein.

On television  last month  during the height of the confrontation
with Iraq,  Secretary of  Defense William Cohen held up a 5-pound
bag of  sugar and  ominously warned  that an equivalent amount of
anthrax, if  dispersed properly,  could kill  half of Washington,

"We owe  it to  our people  to move  ahead with this immunization
plan," Cohen  said Monday in a brief written statement announcing
the vaccination program.

In announcing  the program,  officials at  the Pentagon  appeared
wary of  creating a controversy over the vaccines, going to great
lengths to  say that  officials would  consult  with  members  of
Congress and  advise military  personnel about  the  vaccinations
before inoculations actually are given.

After the  Persian Gulf  War in  1991, the  Pentagon was  harshly
criticized for  using  experimental  drugs  intended  to  protect
troops against the effects of chemical weapons.

There is  no hard  evidence that  the Iraqis  used  such  weapons
during the  war, and  some researchers  have suggested  that  the
experimental drugs  given the  troops may  have led to the health
problems in  veterans that  came to be known collectively as gulf
war syndrome.

The program, which includes a series of six shots over six months
for each  soldier and  booster shots  each year thereafter, is to
begin next  summer with 100,000 troops in the Persian Gulf and on
the Korean  peninsula, who  are considered most at risk of attack
from biological  weapons. It will then take six years -- and cost
$130 million -- to inoculate the entire active and reserve force.

Anthrax, a  stable, durable  bacterium that often afflicts cattle
and sheep, can be incorporated fairly easily into weapons, either
bombs dropped  from airplanes  or warheads loaded on missiles. If
inhaled by  humans, spores  of anthrax  are particularly  lethal,
causing death  in the overwhelming majority of cases within a few

The vaccine  the Pentagon  will use  was first  developed in  the
1950's and  approved by  the Food  and  Drug  Administration  for
general use in 1970.

Produced by the Michigan Biologic Products Institute, it is given
routinely to  veterinarians and  others who  work with livestock.
The Pentagon  already vaccinates  a few thousand soldiers most at
risk of exposure, including special units in the Army and Marines
created to  respond to  biological or  chemical attacks.  It also
gave initial,  but not  complete doses  to about  150,000  troops
stationed in the Persian Gulf during the war with Iraq.

                             #  #  #

Return to Table of Contents for

Supreme Law School:   E-mail