Posted by MARTIN on September 25, 1998 at 03:16:42:
In Reply to: Appendix "J": Petitions to Congress, from "The Federal Zone" posted by Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S. on September 22, 1998 at 19:48:34:
34.Incidence of the tax with respect to territory and places exempted from same. The tax applies to all citizens of the United States, wherever resident, to all residents of the United States irrespective of their citizenship, to the income of all property owned and of every business, trade or profession carried on, in the United States by persons residing elsewhere. -----------------------------
35. Incidence of the tax with respect to persons. The statute provides "that there shall be levied, assessed, collected and paid annually upon the entire net income arising or accruing from all sources in the preceding calendar year to every citizen of the United States, whether residing at home or abroad, and to every person residing in the United States, though not a citizen thereof, a tax of 1 per centum per annum upon such income, except as hereinafter provided; and a like tax shall be assessed, levied, collected, and paid annually upon the entire net income from all property owned and of every business , trade or profession carried on in the United States. (A TREATISE ON THE FEDERAL INCOME TAX UNDER THE ACT OF 1913. ROGER FOSTER OF THE NEW YORK BAR. SECOND EDITION THE LAWYERS CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING CO. ROCHESTER, N.Y. 1915 CHAPTER III.)
U.S. v. Frieda Grosshans, U.S. District Court, Eastern District (1986).
Freida Grosshans made a Constitutional challenge. She believed in the Constitution and her rights, and she questioned the IRS. But she couldn't tell the jury about that because of a gag order which the courts routinely apply as part of the Tax Protestor Doctrine", known as a motion in limne.Judge Woods sentenced Freida Grosshans to 5 years and she is currently incarcerated in a federal prison camp in Texas.
U.S. v. Arthur W. Morris, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Michigan (1987)
U.S. District Judge Avern Cohn compared defendant Morris with those who sell information to the Soviet Union. Equating Morris with treason and espionage, Cohn invoked the "Tax Protestor Doctrine" to toss out sentencing guidelines and gave the maximum sentence of 3 years and $30,000 to Morris, a first time misdemeanor offender. Morris was denied bond pending appeal and was incarcerated in a federal prison in Indiana.
: Under authority of the Petition Clause in the
: First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,
: see Internet URL infra:
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