Posted by KatNip on September 30, 1998 at 14:51:34:
In Reply to: Re: Are you a U.S. citizen? posted by Two Cities on September 30, 1998 at 13:10:55:
In 1945 the Supreme Court of the United States in
International Shoe Co. v. State of Washington, 326
U.S. 310, 66 S.Ct. 154, 90 L.Ed. 95, 161 A.L.R.
1057, said: “Historically the jurisdiction of courts
to render judgment in personam is grounded on their
de facto power over the defendant’s person. Hence his
presence within the territorial jurisdiction of a court
was a prerequisite to its rendition of a judgment personally
binding him. Pennoyer v. Neff, 95 U.S. 714, 733, 24 L.Ed.
565. But now that the capias ad respondendum has given way
to personal service of summons or other form of notice,
due process requires only that in order to subject a defendant
to a judgment in personam, if he be not present within the
territory of the forum [lex fori], he have certain
minimum contacts with it such that the maintenance of
the suit does not offend ‘traditional notions of fair play
and substantial justice.’” Hamilton v. Newbury, 412 S.W.2d 801,
805-806 (Tex.Civ.App. 1967).
: Imho another question that arises is that of citizenship.
: Is a citizen of the United States the same as a
: United States citizen? This go-around has similar
: applications in the naming of courts and other entities.
: However it seems that the United States citizen
: aka U.S. citizen who may be living abroad in the
: United States of America, unless the presumption
: of UdotSdot citizenship can be shed, could change
: his address of record, file a 2555, take a $70k blanket
: deduction, which might just be enough for most.
: Perhaps a letter to the Philadelphia foreign office
: could explain.
: The Voter registration appears to be the primary
: contract, and application for priviledge that imparts
: U.S. citizenship, without getting into the obvious
: of being born in the territory.
: The Voter registration might also be construed to be
: an act of expatriation from the dominion that is
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