Posted by Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S. on May 23, 1998 at 10:46:01:
In Reply to: Diversity Statute is a MAJOR KEY posted by Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S. on May 21, 1998 at 21:02:13:
: Dear Friends,
: It has taken a very long time to find a
: federal court decision which hits the
: mark so directly, but this one does
: exactly THAT!
: Take a single sheet of paper, and arrange
: is horizontally, in "landscape" mode
: (11" side parallel to the horizon).
: Draw one horizontal line across the page,
: then bisect this line at the midpoint.
: This bisecting vertical line is the year
: 1866, the year of the first Civil Rights Act.
: To the left of this line, there was only
: one class of Citizens in America, and
: these were state Citizens.
: To the right of this line, there were
: two classes of citizens in America:
: one class was the original class of
: state Citizens; and the other, second
: class was the new class of federal
: citizens, also known as "citizens of
: the United States."
: We have already fully documented the
: many court cases which have upheld
: the existence of two classes of citizens.
: See the Petition for Leave to File
: Enlarged Brief, in USA v. Gilbertson
: in the Supreme Law Library:
: The cases which have adjudicated the
: diversity statute have opened up a
: whole new line of research. It is here
: that we found the Pannill case.
: Note where the judge in Pannill clearly
: held that federal citizens were NOT within
: the language of the organic (original)
: Constitution. This can ONLY mean that
: the provisions at 1:2:2, 1:3:3, 2:1:5
: (which are collectively known as the
: Qualifications Clauses), 3:2:1 and 4:2:1
: all refer to Citizens of the several
: states of the Union, and no other, since
: there were NO OTHER CLASSES OF CITIZENS
: until the enactment of the 1866 Civil
: Rights Act.
: The so-called 14th amendment [sic] did not
: "create" a second class of citizens;
: that so-called amendment was, at best,
: merely declaratory of existing law, i.e.
: the 1866 Civil Rights Act.
: Pannill thus provides us with an
: excellent point of departure, to carry
: our burden of proving, beyond any doubt,
: that a second, inferior class of
: federal citizens has existed in parallel
: with state Citizenship, ever since the
: end of the American Civil War.
: Thus, add a second horizontal line,
: right below your original horizontal line,
: only this second line extends to the
: bisecting vertical line, which marks
: the year 1866, and extends no further
: to the left.
: The two parallel lines are like two
: different rails on a railroad track.
: Both lines continue indefinitely to the
: right of the page, however, since the
: Union is perpetual, and Congress will
: always have its "federal zone," where
: Congress is the "State" government,
: for all local, municipal purposes.
: I hope this helps.
: /s/ Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S.
: Counselor at Law, Federal Witness,
: and Private Attorney General
Here is a graphic illustration of the
metaphor described above:
Articles of Confederation
| U.S. Constitution
| | 1866 Civil Rights Act
| | |
| | 1 class: | 2 classes:
state Citizens | state Citizens
where "8" means infinity,
because the Union is perpetual.
/s/ Paul Mitchell, B.A., M.S.
Counselor at Law, Federal Witness
and Private Attorney General
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